Billiards is one of the types of board games, the principle of which is to drive cue balls (ivory) in the pocket. The pool table has a quadrilateral shape with sides, its length is 1/3 more width. Depending on the size of the billiard table, billiards is divided into small, medium (cabinet) and large.
There are such types of billiards:
The cannon is a kind of billiard, as well as the definition of a strike in which the cue-ball makes a sequential collision with two sighting balls.
Russian billiards (pyramid) - the collective name of several varieties of billiards. Russian billiards It is a kind of luznogo billiards, with its special requirements for equipment for the game. Russian billiards is divided into the following types: American, or Free Pyramid - “common rules” are observed in the game Russian billiards, while there are a number of features. The goal of the game, as in most other types of Russian billiards, is first to score 8 balls. The game uses 16 balls. Any of them can be both a cue ball and an object ball. Before the beginning of the game 15 balls collected in the form of a triangular pyramid. The front ball is at the back of the table, and the base of the pyramid is parallel to the short board. The initial blow (robbery) is performed from the hand of the house. You can play any object ball or cue ball from the object balls. "Order" a blow is not required. With the right blow
All balls scored count. A strike is considered correct if other points of the rules of the game and additional terms of reference. The Moscow Pyramid is a type of Russian billiards. It is also called "Siberian", or "Combined". The goal of the game is to score eight balls first. In total, there are 16 balls in the game, one of which is a cue ball, different from sighting color or special markup. As in any other form of billiards, the first blow is made chock of "home". The difference is that an order is not required and you can play any object ball or cue ball from sighting balls. And with the right kick counts any number of balls that fell into the pockets. In this case, instead of the downtrodden the cue ball is removed from the table by any of the object balls indicated by the opponent (according to the new rules, the ball is removed by the player scored "brother-in-law"), and the player plays chock-ups from the "house"; Dynamic pyramid (Neva)
Snooker is a kind of billiard pool game. Most common in the UK. C late 70s of XX century became famous almost all over the world, especially in Europe and China. The main tournament is the World Championship (held annually). At the beginning of the game, there are 15 red balls arranged in a pyramid and 6 colored balls on the game table, each of which is located at a certain mark on the table. The white ball (cue ball) is used to hit the color balls. Players must alternately clog the red and colored balls. As long as the red balls remain on the table, clogged colored balls are placed in their positions. Wins the player who scores the most points. When a set of players (after scoring all the balls) of the same number of points, the frame is played with one black ball. In snooker, a “stalemate” situation is possible when hitting the red balls does not contribute to the continuation of the frame. In this case, By agreement between the players and the referee, the frame begins a new.
Pool - a kind of luznogo billiards. Other names: American pool, American pool. Often american A type of billiard is mistakenly called the term "American." The pool is divided into the following types:
1. Pool-8. The task of the players - to score all the balls of his group (striped or solid), after which the G-8 to score with the right blow.
2. Pool-9. A player can hit only a ball with a minimum number. The task is to hit the ninth ball with the right blow.
3. Straight (also "14 + 1 with a continuation"). The game is played until the moment when one of the players has a certain amount points. One point is awarded for each scored ball.
4. Pool 10. The game is similar to the "nine", but using balls with umbers from 1 to 10. In contrast to the "nine" - custom.
5. Pool 7. Training game, similar to the rules "Nine". Only seven balls are used.
6. In one pocket. Each of the opponents should score balls in their pocket (usually one of the corner). Luza is selected before starting the game.
7. Through the ball. All balls are scored using combined blows (ball strike).
8. Rotation. Balls are clogged in order from first to fifteenth. amount points are awarded in accordance with the number of the ball (one point for the first, two for the second, and so on). The game is played until the moment when one player scores 61 points.
9. Onboard pool. Points are awarded only for balls scored from the board or several (doublet, triplet, etc.). For one ball scored a player gets one point.
10. Trick shot.
Kica or Carolina is a type of billiard that is common in Finland. The game itself originated in Russia, and is a close relative of the Russian pyramid. Compared with most other types of billiards, Kajsa is different using large (68 mm in diameter) balls and small pockets, the hole diameter of which is barely enough to large ball, so that he got into it, it is also worth noting long and heavy cues. A table for kaizy usually is 10 feet long and therefore 2 feet shorter than the table for the Russian pyramid, which is usually has 12 feet. Can play as two players and team. Like cannons, both players have their own balls, one cue ball, having a peculiar point or other marking. In general, five balls are used: a yellow ball (the so-called Kais in Finnish), two red balls and two white balls (each of which acts as sighting ball for the enemy). The game is up to 60 points and has a rather complicated rating system, resembling that
which are used in snooker and English billiards, in terms of awarding points for different strokes. Like russian and English billiards, which are also played on large tables, Kajsa is a hybrid of cannons and pocket billiard styles. Kaisa is essentially an amateur game, without professional players.
Novus - Latvian national sport. Novus belongs to the group of cue games. The game table in the form of a square is divided into four game zones in which wooden chips of two colors for each player settle down. In the corners of the game There are four pockets on the table. The task of each player is using the game cue and cue ball to drive their chips, located at the opposite end of the table, in any of the four pockets. Blows on the chips are made in turn.
The winner is the one who first drove all his chips into the pocket. Novus combines such player skills which in other sports or games appear only separately. In Novus can simultaneously play as two, and four members.